ORIGIN AND FOUNDATION
Concerned at the rising wave of nationalism after the Indian Mutiny of 1857, the British realised that in order to strengthen their hold in India they, being just a handful, needed to widen their political and psychological management of India and the Indians.
Thus they began to focus on education and in pursuit of this objective Macaulay's Minutes on Education of 1837 " to create a class of persons - Indian in Blood and colour but English in opinions, in morals and intellect " became the cornerstone of their strategy.
In this plan the Princes who had remained silent spectators during the Mutiny were identified as useful allies and a "stabilising" force - a force of over 350 main rulers in 1850s who comprised over two-thirds of India for whom suitable education institutions now became relevant.
The credit for originating the idea of the Mayo College must be given to Colonel Walter who, in his Bharatpur Agency Report of May 28th, 1869, wrote:
"It is no easy matter to decide what course we ought to pursue in order to ensure to the sons of the aristrocracy of this country a liberal and enlightened education : but I think the time has, or must shortly, come when the Government of India will find itself compelled to move in the matter."